THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY
Located in the heart of Europe, Germany is bordered by at least 9 different countries;Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, and France to the west, Switzerland and Austria to the South while the North Sea and the Baltic sea provide the country with maritime access to the north.
With a population of more than 82 million inhabitants, Germany is the second most populous country in Europe. It is the seventh largest country in Europe by land size. Germany is also Europe’s biggest economy and the fifth largest economy in the world by Purchasing Power Parity. The country is a key player in global politics and it is an important member of both the European Union and the United Nation.
THE BENEFITS OF STUDYING FOR A DEGREE IN GERMANY
Germany has about 400 institutions of higher learning,providing world-class education and globally recognized qualifications in a broad range of degree programs.
The German government provides tuition-free education to both foreign and international students in all public or government funded universities. While studying in Germany, international students can benefit from an experience that combines the prospect of a fresh start in a new country with qualitative education that is second to none.
THE TOP 10 RANKED UNIVERSITIES IN GERMANY
Germany boasts of some of the oldest and most prestigious universities in the world. In a recent 2017 ranking, the top ten universities in Germany place among the top 100 in the world.
|Germany Ranking||World Ranking||University||City|
|2||41||Technical University of Munich||Munich|
|5||79||RWTH University Aachen||Aachen|
|6||82||University of Freiburg||Freiburg imBreisgau|
|7||88||Free University of Berlin||Berlin|
|8||92||Technical University of Berlin||Berlin|
|9||94||University of Tubingen||Tubingen|
|10||100||University of Bonn||Bonn|
1. LMU Munich
The Ludwig Maximilian University (LMU) of Munich was founded in 1472 and it is one of the oldest universities in the country. It counts no less than 34 Nobel laureates including the physicist Max Planck, Otto Hahn and Werner Heisenberg as part of its proud alumni.
LMU has the second-largest student population of any German university, and an estimated 13 per cent of the total student body is made up of foreign or international students.
2. Technical University of Munich
The state owned Technical University of Munich was established to focus exclusively on science and technology and engineering. However, overtime the university has expanded to offering degree courses in medicine, natural science agriculture and even the social sciences.
Since its inception in the 19th century, no less than 13 Nobel Prizes have been awarded to persons affiliated with the Technical University of Munich
3. Heidelberg University
Established in 1386, Heidelberg University is the oldest university in Germany and one of the oldest in all of Europe. The university is renowned and respected for its contributions towards various areas of knowledge including psychiatry, sociology, environmental physics and genetics.
The university’s alumni lists no less than fifty-six Nobel laureates including the sociologist Max Weber and Hannah Arendt amongst its ranks. About 20 per cent of the university’s student population is made up of foreign or international students with foreign students making up more than 30 per cent of research students.
4. Humboldt University of Berlin
Humboldt University of Berlin is one of the most respected universities in the world. For more than a century, the university has been at the center of ground breaking research and scientific discovery.
The university’s extensive library contains about 6.5 million books, thousands of journals and magazines and is considered as one of the largest in the world.
Some of the most famous figures in human history including Albeit Einstein, Karl Marx, Engels, and Max Planck are alumni of the Humboldt University of Berlin. In addition, at least 40 Nobel prizewinners are affiliates of the university.
5. RWTH Aachen University
The RWTH Aachen University is the largest technical university in Germany, offering 144 programs to a student population of about 42,000 students.
The university is renowned for its respected degree programs in engineering and natural sciences, but it also offers quality education in the arts, humanities and medicine.
HOW TO APPLY
In general, international students seeking to study in Germany are required to fulfil the following requirements. They must fill out the online application for the university of their choice and supply details about their personal data, proof of recognized university entrance qualification/school leaving certificates, official academic record and transcripts.
Students applying to study for a Master’s Degree must provide proof of a Bachelor’s Degree or its equivalent from a recognized institution of higher learning. They also need to supply their high school leaving certificates and the transcripts of courses taken in their first degree.
Prospective Phd or research students in Germany are required to have earned the minimum of a Master’s degree after a minimum of eight semesters of study from an institution of higher education. An exception,called a fast-track doctoral program is however granted to applicants with a Bachelor Degree in the Applied Sciences.
Admitting universities wouldalso ascertain if the applicant is eligible for a doctoral or research program by carrying out background checks on the veracity or otherwise of the degree qualification.
Proof of Language Proficiency
While German is spoken as the official language, international students have the option of studying in English.Prospective students are therefore required to provide a proof of a proficiency in German which is the official language or in English.
Applicants are required to submit either a (TestDaf) Test of German as a Foreign Language,or a (TOEFL)Test of English as a Foreign Language or an equivalent.
Entry and Visa Requirements
Entry or visa requirements may vary and generally depend on the prospective student’s country of origin. Students from the EU and the Schengen area need not apply for a visa while persons from any of Australia, Israel, Japan, Canada, and the USAcan apply for a visa on arrival.
Prospective students from other countries are required to apply for a visa from the German embassy in their home country.
WHEN TO APPLY FOR ADMISION
Prospective students are advised to begin their application procedure well ahead of the matriculation period or the commencement of lectures. This is important because the documentation can be a lengthy,winding process and can be quite confusing for the uninitiated.
IMPORTANT NOTES FOR PROSPECTIVE STUDENTS
Even though tuition is free in Germany universities, local and international students are required to provide their own living cost including accommodation and feeding. International students in particular may be required to supply evidence of sponsorship or financing for the duration of the program.
Also while foreign students are allowed to take up part time jobs, students outside of the EU are required to apply for a work permit. In addition, their working hours are limited to 190 full days or 240 half days per year.
Studying in Germany can be an especially rewarding experience for international or foreign students. The country is a blend of different cultures and it boasts of a unique cultural diversity that is worth exploring. German universities consistently rank very highly on the list of top universities in the world.
Germans are generally welcoming to foreigners and the country provides a safe and conducive environment that allows students to thrive and develop themselves to their fullest potentials. In addition, international students are allowed to remain in Germany and even take up paid employment for up to 18 months after the completion of their degree program.