Nicaragua is a Central American country, described as the Land of Lakes and Volcanoes. It is the largest country in the cental Americn isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the north, the caribean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Managua is the country’s capital and largest city and is also the third-largest city in central America.The main language is Spanish. Native tribes on the Mosquito Coast speak their own languages and English.
Currency used in Nicaragua is the Cordoba. Most places accept dollars but you will often get change in cordobas.
Education in Nicaragua
The country has a total of 14 higher education institutions (ten core public universities). The most popular course of study at these schools are international relations, business, and medicine. The majority of higher education institutions are in Managua.
The university study typically follows the following sequence. The first level of study culminates in the awarding of the Licenciatura, normally attained after four or five years of study, depending on the subject, and indicating a basic professional qualification. The shortest course of study is a two-year program in accounting and the longest is the six-year sequence for medicine, although the degree granted in that field is Doctor. The second stage of studies in the university leads to the Maestría (Masters) degree. This degree follows a two-year course of study and the presentation and defense of a thesis. Grading typically is done on a scale of 0 to 100 percent with 70 percent as the lowest passing grade. Instruction in all of these institutions is carried out in Spanish with the exception of the English-based University of Mobile, Latin American Campus.
Nicaragua’s higher education is provided by four categories of institutions. The most prominent among these is the Universidad Pública (Public University) including the Universidad Americana. The Universidad Católica de Nicaragua (UNICA) and Universidad Centroamericana, a Jesuit university founded in 1960, represents the second category, the Universidad Privada (Private University). The remaining categories are the Centro Técnico Superior (Higher Technical Center) and the Centro de Investigación y de Capacitación (Research Center).
Admission to university-level studies requires the student to have earned the Bachillerato credential from their secondary school. In addition, students are required to sit for the Prueba de Ingreso (entrance exam). Non-Nicaraguan students should hold an equivalent secondary credential as well as be proficient in Spanish.
Many students pay nothing for their education with all expenses covered through government aid. The maximum fee at the public institutions is 150 cordoba (US$40) per semester while the average at the private universities is about US$1,000 per year.